The world is far from its goal of halting forest loss by the end of the decade, despite making some progress towards halting deforestation last year, a new analysis shows.

gave Assessment of forest declarationPublished on Monday, it provides a comprehensive overview of the health of global forests a year later in more than 140 countries representing 90 percent of the world’s forests. Commitment End deforestation by 2030

“To meet the 2030 goal of zero deforestation, we would need to see a 10 percent reduction in global deforestation every year from 2021 to 2030.” Erin Matteson, a senior consultant at Climate Focus, one of the organizations that conducts the annual report, told reporters during a press call. “In 2021, deforestation is reduced by 6.3 percent—a good start, but not on track with a 10 percent pace.

“The picture is not rosy yet,” he added.

The deforestation agreement at the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland, last year was widely celebrated, despite the fact that it would lead to meaningful change. In 2014, dozens of nations signed the New York Declaration on Forests, which set a goal of halving deforestation by 2020 and ending it completely by 2030. This pledge did nothing to reduce deforestation.

A year after COP26 in Scotland, the world is already digging itself into another hole. Globally, 6.8 million hectares of forest – roughly the size of Ireland – were lost in 2021, according to the report. In the tropics, intact primary forests declined by 3.1 percent.

“We are rapidly heading for another era of hollow promises and deforestation,” David Gibbs, research associate at the World Resources Institute’s Global Forest Watch, said in a statement accompanying the release of the Forest Declaration assessment.

Cattle graze amid smoke from a fire along a highway in Manicor, Brazil’s Amazonas state, in September. Deforestation in the Amazon rainforest has increased under far-right President Jair Bolsonaro.

Michael Dantas/AFP via Getty Images

The report, officially known as the New York Declaration on Forest Progress Assessment, used deforestation data from 2018 to 2020 to establish a baseline for comparison.

One of the major obstacles to curbing deforestation is a severe lack of investment. Globally, protecting and restoring forest ecosystems is estimated to cost up to $460 billion annually. According to the report, an average of $2.3 billion is being spent each year, which is less than 1 percent of what is needed.

“Financial commitments from COP26 could quadruple that amount, to US$9.5 billion per year,” Matson said, but details are scarce. “It will still be only part of the necessary finances.”

As part of the COP26 initiative, President Joe Biden pledged up to $9 billion by 2030 to fight deforestation worldwide. However, this funding must still be approved by Congress.

“Conserving forests and other ecosystems can play an important role in meeting our climate goals and making it a net-zero emissions strategy for all of us,” Biden said at last year’s summit. part.” “The United States is going to lead by example at home and help other forest nations and developing countries to set and achieve ambitious actions to protect and restore these carbon sinks.”

Forest-rich countries that signed last year’s pledge included Brazil, China, Colombia, Congo, Indonesia and Russia. John KerryThe Biden administration’s special climate envoy publicly praised Brazil for its new commitments at the summit, including ending illegal deforestation by 2028 — two years ahead of schedule.

But as experts told OlxPraca At the time, there was little reason to take Brazil’s deforestation pledge seriously. Monday’s report highlighted that the South American nation is moving in the wrong direction under far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, a climate change denier who has led record deforestation in the Amazon rainforest. Monitored.

“We are rapidly heading for another era of hollow promises and depleted forests.”

– David Gibbs, research associate at the World Resources Institute’s Global Forest Watch

According to estimates, Brazil remains the planet’s largest contributor to deforestation, with deforestation rates increasing by 3 percent in the past year.

“This is a country where we’ve seen that when solutions are put in place – where strong government mandates, private sector action, full community involvement – there can be significant reductions in deforestation,” Matson said of Deforestation. I said, noting the lack. Between 2004 and 2012 in Brazil. “Obviously, since then, that progress has been significantly scaled back and reversed.”

Deforestation rates also increased in Bolivia, Paraguay and the Democratic Republic of Congo last year.

The report is not without its bright spots. Tropical Asia stands out as the only region that is accelerating towards meeting the 2030 target. Much of this is due to growth in Indonesia, the only country to have reduced deforestation rates in each of the past five years, and Malaysia. In Africa, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire reduced deforestation by 13% and 47% respectively in 2021, through a concerted effort to promote sustainability within the cocoa trade.

Mattson said the problem with falling behind the latest deforestation target this early is that the gap will have to be covered. And 2030 is only eight years away.

“Every year it becomes harder to reach this overall goal of reducing deforestation that we don’t do,” Mattson said. “Our report suggests that governments should take much stronger action to regulate private sector actors, to level the playing field.”

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