By Josh Book and Aamir Madhani. Relevant institution
UN-President Joe Biden, in his first address to the UN General Assembly on Tuesday, called on the nations of the world to forcibly address the global issues of COVID-19 epidemics, climate change and human rights abuses. He condemned the military conflict and insisted that the United States did not want a “new Cold War” with China.
But stressing the need to work with fellow world leaders, Biden refrained from addressing allies’ criticism of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan and the unresolved diplomatic storm with France, a longtime US ally. ۔
Instead, Biden sought to use his speech before the annual meeting of world leaders to say that the United States is a reliable international partner four years after President Donald Trump’s “America First” foreign policy.
“We are constantly opening up a new era of diplomacy, using the power of our development aid to invest in new ways to raise people around the world,” Biden said.
The president made an impressive call to friends and adversaries for cooperation, saying that overcoming the terrible list of existential crises would “depend on our ability to recognize our common humanity.”
The president said the United States, under his supervision, had reached a turning point with the end of the US military operation in Afghanistan last month, ending America’s longest-running war. He said that he has set the table so that his administration can draw its attention to intense diplomacy in a moment in which there is no shortage of crises facing the world.
“Today, many of our biggest concerns cannot be addressed, nor can they be addressed by the power of weapons,” he said. “Bombs and bullets cannot defend against COVID-19 or its future variants.”
Biden offered strong reaffirmation of the United Nations’ adherence and intentions during difficult times in history, and sought to reassure cautious allies of US cooperation after a series of disagreements in recent months.
He promised to double US financial aid to poor countries to help move toward clean energy and tackle the “cruel” effects of climate change. This would mean that annual aid would increase to about 11 11.4 billion. That comes five months after the amount doubled to 7 5.7 billion a year.
As part of the fight against climate change, rich countries have pledged for years to spend 100 100 billion a year on environmental aid, but a new study shows that they are short of 20 20 billion a year. ۔ Biden said his new commitment would help rich countries achieve their goals.
The 100 100 billion target is key because there is a dramatic difference between rich and poor nations in climate negotiations. Without the help of developing nations and other developed countries, they are reluctant to stop further emissions, which, in the words of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, “are the ones who created the problem.”
In the early days of his presidency, Biden appeared to be facing growing skepticism from world leaders, including criticism that Biden had underestimated allies’ concerns over issues that have affected US friends worldwide. Has an effect.
Eight months after his presidency, Biden has not been aligned with the Allies in ending the chaos of the US war in Afghanistan. It has faced disagreements with the developing world over coronavirus vaccine sharing and travel bans on infectious diseases. And there are questions about the best way to respond to China’s military and economic maneuvers.
Its latest setback with France stems from a tripartite agreement between the United States, Britain and Australia that signed a آب 60 billion deal for a French submarine in support of a plan to equip Australia with nuclear-powered submarines. Is.
The move is expected to improve Australia’s ability to patrol the Pacific amid growing concerns about the Chinese military’s increasing offensive strategy.
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said on Monday that the incident had led to a “crisis of confidence” with the United States.
Biden was not so upset. Arriving at the United Nations on Tuesday, a reporter was asked how he planned to mend fences with the French, to which Biden replied in two words: “They are very good.”
In an interview before meeting with Biden on Monday, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told the Associated Press that he was concerned about “completely inactive” US-China relations and the possibility of a new Cold War. Are worried
The secretary-general did not back down from his concerns about US-China tensions as he addressed leaders at the start of Tuesday’s meeting. He said it would be impossible to tackle dramatic economic and development challenges as the world’s two largest economies clash.
“We do not want a new Cold War or a world divided into hard blocs,” Biden said, trying to allay concerns about China’s tensions. In particular, Biden did not say the word “China” in his 34-minute speech.
More broadly, he called on world leaders to work together on COVID-19 epidemics, to meet past obligations to tackle climate change, tackle emerging technology issues and strengthen trade rules. emphasized.
“We will choose to build a better future. We, you and I, have the will and ability to make it better. Ladies and gentlemen, we can’t afford to waste any more time.” We can do it. “
Biden has limited his time at the United Nations due to fears of the corona virus. He met with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison in New York after his speech, before returning to the White House for a busy weekend in virtual and Washington settings.
Morrison and Biden did not comment on the flap with the Frenchman when they appeared briefly in front of the media at the beginning of their meeting. However, Morrison praised Biden for his understanding of the complexities of the situation in the Indian Ocean.
“There is no doubt that you got it,” the prime minister told Biden.
The president was scheduled to meet with Johnson at the White House on Tuesday.
Associated Press authors Seth Bornstein, Darlene Sparwell, Jonathan Leimer and Edith Leader contributed to this report.