Some of Putin’s global partners expressed concerns about his war in Ukraine last week.
Days later, Putin escalated the war by announcing military mobilization and threatening nuclear war.
A Russia expert told Insider that Putin has acted out of fear of straining relations with nations like China and India.
Russian President Vladimir Putin escalated his unprovoked war on Ukraine this week, just days after some of his perceived allies publicly cast doubt on it — and the events may be linked. .
Since invading Ukraine in February, Russia has been shunned by most of the world and faces tough sanctions from the West. But as Russia became more isolated, some nations either sided with Putin or avoided condemning him directly.
Both China and India have been. Russia’s powerful partners Throughout the war, the refusal to impose sanctions and Continue to purchase the nation’s energy products. However, leaders of both countries recently took the rare step of speaking out against the war.
During the one Meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Uzbekistan On September 15, Putin acknowledged that Xi had “questions and concerns” regarding the war. next day, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi criticized the war. During a face-to-face meeting with Putin.
Modi told Putin, “I know that today’s era is not an era of war, and I have discussed this with you over the phone. Reuters reported..
Putin replied: “I know about your position on the Ukraine conflict, and I know about your concerns. We want it all to end as soon as possible.”
Less than a week later, on Wednesday, Putin said he was calling up 300,000 reservists to join the fight, something he had avoided doing for fear of a backlash from the Russian public. The announcement, in which he also threatened to use nuclear weapons, comes after major gains by the Ukrainian military in recent weeks.
Experts told Insider that it will. Weeks or months before mobilized troops are trained, equipped and deployed. He also said that Putin’s decision to take this step now shows how bad the war is getting for Russia. How desperate the Russian leader was to turn the tide.
“Putin’s doing this shows how much he feels the need to change the momentum, which has been in Ukraine’s favor,” said Daniel Treisman, a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. , whose work focuses on Russian politics. Economics, told the insider.
In addition to fearing another possible retaliation by Ukraine, Putin was likely influenced by the concerns of XI and Modi — and his fear of losing key partners — according to Robert English, University of Southern California. California professor who studies Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe.
“Evidence of criticism from allies like China or neutral states like India clearly puts more pressure on it,” English told Insider. He added that it appears that the leaders of these countries have told Putin that they do not approve of the situation in Ukraine because it is damaging their reputation on the world stage and causing them to suffer economically and politically. falling
English said the suspicion Putin heard was: “‘Find a way to end this war quickly, because we’re not going to put up with you for six more months of this cruelty.’
“He heard that kind of message, so he’s trying to move on,” English said. “He’s trying to change the military balance in any way he can.”
If Putin has mobilized the troops in an attempt to end the war as soon as possible, as he assured Modi he would try to do, it is not at all clear whether it will succeed. .
“This is an unsatisfactory and inadequate response from Ukraine to motivation, manpower and material,” English explained. Western military aid and intelligence have given Ukraine an advantage on the battlefield.. “It’s not going to work.”
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